czar


czar
/zar/(t)sar/
(czar, also written zar, tsar, tzar, etc.)
The title of the former emperors of Russia, derived from the old Slavonic cesar, king or emperor, which, although long held to be derived from the Roman title Caesar, is almost certainly of Tartar origin. The Slavonic word ultimately represents the Latin Caesar, but came through the medium of a Germanic language in which the word had the general sense "emperor." In the beginning of the 10th century the Bulgarian prince Symeon assumed this title, which remained attached to the Bulgarian crown. In 1346 it was adopted by Stephen Duschan, king of Serbia. Among the Russians the Byzantine emperors were so called, as were also the khans of the Mongols that ruled in Russia. Ivan III, grand prince of Moscow, held the title, and Ivan IV, the Terrible, in 1547, caused himself to be crowned as czar. In 1721 the Senate and clergy conferred on Peter I, in the name of the nation, the title Emperor of Russia, for which in Russia the Latin word imperator is used. Peter the Great introduced the title imperator, "emperor," and the official style then became "Emperor of all the Russias, Tsar of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland"; but the Russian popular appellation continued to be tear (the preferable modern spelling). The last tsar was Nicholas II, who abdicated on March 15, 1917, and was later executed
+ tsar
The less common spelling of "czar" (q.v.)
See also tzarina

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:

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  • czar — czar …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • czar — czar; czar·das; czar·dom; czar·e·vitch; czar·ish; czar·ism; czar·ist; czar·is·tic; …   English syllables

  • czar — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. czarze, zwykle w lm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} zjawisko niewytłumaczalne, zadziwiające, przypisywane działaniu sił nadprzyrodzonych, także według dawnych pogańskich wierzeń obrzędy, zaklęcia itp. mające takie… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • CZAR — in Ruthenico idiomate, Regem: Czarstuo vero Regnum fignisicat: et hôc nomine Moscovitae Principem suum Regem totius Russiae appellant. Ceteri autem Sclavones, utpote Poloni, Bohemi, Lithuani aliique, qui ab idiomate Ruthenico recedunt, aliô… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • czar — → tsar czar n. m. V. tsar. csar ou czar [ksaʀ] n. m. ⇒ Tsar. czar [tzaʀ], czarevitch [tsaʀevitʃ] …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • czar — (z[ a]r), n. [Russ. tsare, fr. L. Caesar C[ae]sar; cf. OPol. czar, Pol. car. ] A king; a chief; the title of the emperor of Russia. [Written also {tsar} and {tzar}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Czar — Czar, seit der Mitte des 16. Jahrhunderts der Titel der Beherrscher von Rußland, den jedoch Peter der Große mit dem eines Kaisers vertauschte. Die Benennung rührt nach einer allgemein verbreiteten Annahme von dem lateinischen Worte Cäsar, aus dem …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • czar — [za: US za:r] n [Date: 1500 1600; : Russian; Origin: tsar , from Gothic kaisar emperor , from Greek, from Latin Caesar, from Julius Caesar; CESAREAN] 1.) another spelling of ↑tsar 2.) banking/drug/health etc czar …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • czar — 1550s, from Rus. tsar, from Old Slavic tsesari, from Gothic kaisar, from Gk. kaisar, from L. CAESAR (Cf. Caesar). First adopted by Russian emperor Ivan IV, 1547. The spelling with cz is against the usage of all Slavonic languages; the word was so …   Etymology dictionary

  • czar — s. m. Título do soberano russo (no tempo do império). = TSAR   ‣ Etimologia: francês czar, do russo tsar …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • czar — [zär] n. [Russ tsar , contr. of tsesar < OSlav cēsarĭ; prob. via Goth kaisar < L Caesar: see CAESAR2 (Gaius) Julius] 1. an emperor: title of any of the former emperors of Russia and, at various times, the sovereigns of other Slavic nations… …   English World dictionary